The UNESCO World Heritage Site refers to a heritage that has been recognized as having a remarkable universal value to protect for humanity as a whole since 1972. There are 12 World Heritage Sites designated by UNESCO in Korea. Recently, the National Treasure No. 285 Bangudae Petroglyphs are being registered as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Let’s look at the cities that have the most valuable world heritage sites.
Which city has the most UNESCO World Heritage sites in the world? Some people might think of Rome in Italy first, others might think of Paris in France, but these two cities are not the answer. The city with the most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world is Cordoba, Spain.
Source: lonelyplanet.com (above)
the largest city in the world 1000 years ago
Cordoba was the largest city in the world, with 320,000 people now living and three times the current population a thousand years ago. It is currently Spain’s 22nd largest city, with a total of four World Heritage Sites, the largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world.
Cordoba Mosque (Mesquita)
Cordoba Mosque is the first UNESCO World Heritage site in Cordoba. It was originally built as a church in the 6th century, but it was changed to a mosque 100 years later. It is now the Roman Catholic Church, the Cathedral of the Ascension of Mary. This building is typical of the architecture of the Moors, who are Arab Muslims.
Source: Official website of Cabildo Catedral de Cordoba
Medina Azahara, designated as a World Heritage Site in 2018, means the royal annex and its surroundings, which Abd Allahman III built 1,000 years ago for his loved one. Now, only 10% of the total has been excavated, but it is said that it was already so colorful that it was called the Palace of Versailles in Cordoba. There were palaces, mosques, government agencies, gardens, residential areas, and baths.
Source: Medina Azahara Official Website
Al-Qasar, designated as a World Heritage Site in 1994, was a place where Catholic kings lived, meaning a palace, a fortress. If you have the Alhambra Palace in Granada, Cordoba is beautiful enough to have Alkasar. It’s a very impressive place with an Islamic garden, an orange-tree patio, and a tower overlooking the city.
The Patio Festival
The Patio Festival, which was designated as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2012, is held in Cordoba in early May. “Patio” is a type of residence where a family or several families live together, and many plants are arranged beautifully. Also during the festival, traditional songs, flamenco guitar performances, and dance performances are held at the patio. Patio is not just a form of residence, but a symbol of the Cordoba people.